33 Sunday C

Fr. Jude Botelho:

The community during prophet Malachi's time found it difficult to distinguish
right from wrong anymore, since the faithless seemed to prosper and the
faithful made to suffer more. Their frustration led them to wonder whether
serving God was worthwhile. Malachi insists that evildoers will be punished on
the Day of the Lord and the just will be the special possession of the Lord.
Their names will be written in the Book of remembrance. The righteous could
look forward to vindication, healing, and the warmth of God's faithful love
towards them. The just need to hold on and persevere in their faith, for God's
justice will triumph and vindicate them.

Are you brave enough?
There is a moving incident in the life of St. Anthony, who, for the love of
God, went and stayed in the desert. Far from the maddening crowds of men, he
lived a life in communion with God. Yet he was not free from trials. One day he
had to undergo intense suffering. When he emerged from his trials, he said to
God, "Ah, Beloved God, where wert Thou when I was in great distress?" He heard
the voice of God say, "My child, I was with you all the time, even as I am with
you now! I wanted to see how brave you were!"
J.P. Vaswani in '101 Stories for You and Me'

In today's gospel Luke handles two themes: one is historical -the destruction
of Jerusalem and the victory of the gospel. The other is the end of the age and
the coming of the Son of man. Our reading is concerned with the prediction of
the destruction of the temple and the situation of Christians in a time of
trial. While the splendid temple is doomed, Jesus distinguishes this event from
the end of the world: the fall of Jerusalem will not mark the End. The language
consciously echoes traditional Old Testament images of disaster and could well
be applied to the destruction of Jerusalem seen as a divine intervention and as
a prefiguring of the persecution they must face. Jesus warns that his followers
are going to be mistreated and persecuted. But this must be an opportunity to
bear witness to the Lord's teaching. Luke looks at things from the point of
view of victims of persecution. We are assured that the Lord will assist his
witnesses at that moment to enable them to resist and contradict their adversaries. The Lord will give them the necessary eloquence and wisdom to confront their opponents'
accusations. However, among those who oppose Jesus' followers there will be
people who were very close to them, thus making the situation even more
painful. The call is to be faithful and persevere in trusting the Lord, and
those who hold on will be saved.

The Temple destroyed
Jesus made a prediction of the destruction of the Temple, which to the ordinary
Jew must have seemed impossible and unthinkable. This was no ordinary building.
The temple symbolized the entire Jewish system of worship. The Jerusalem temple
had a long history of building, destruction and re-building. The first temple
was built by King Solomon, and it was destroyed by the Babylonians. The Second
temple was built by Cyrus the Great and it was desecrated by Antiochus
Epiphanes. Then it was renovated by Herod the Great, but later it was destroyed
by the Romans in 70 A.D. during the siege of Jerusalem. A million people were
killed or died by starvation during the siege. The temple was burned to the
ground. Thus Jesus' prophesy came true to the letter. (After the Muslim
conquest of Jerusalem in the 7th Century, an Islamic shrine was built on the
site of the temple. This shrine, along with the entire Old City of Jerusalem,
was recaptured by Jewish forces in 1967 during the Six-Day War. Israel officially annexed East Jerusalem, including the Temple Mount, in 1980 under the Jerusalem Law.)  - Human achievements can be fragile. It is not only a question of buildings, but also of empires and kingdoms. This temple building reduced to dust and rubble is a reminder that God does not dwell is structures of stone, wood and costly adornment. Our mortal bodies too will be reduced to dust and rubble, a reminder that God does
not dwell in a cosmetically-enhanced human body. But Jesus says that the
holiest of temples will last forever. What is it? It is the human heart, which
is God's chosen earthly dwelling place. Therefore we must re-focus our
attention on what is good for the soul. Let us focus on love, friendship and
peace. Their fruits will endure forever.
John Pichappilly in 'The Table of the Lord'

Witnessing in a time of confusion and uncertainty
Anne frank was a teenage Jewish girl who lived in Amsterdam during the early
years of World War II. When the Germans began rounding up all the Jews, she and
her family went into hiding. For two long years, seven of them lived in the
attic of their home, haunted by the constant fear of detection. So it was
anything but a normal existence of the young teenage and her terrified family.
During that time, Anne frank kept her famous diary, which her father found only
after the war had ended. In it the young girl frankly expressed her thoughts
and feelings with a maturity way beyond her years. So inspiring was that diary
that it has been translated into many languages and continues to inspire people
of all ages even today, almost sixty years after it was written. In one
remarkably passage, Anne Frank says: "It's twice as hard for us young people to
hold our ground, in a time when all ideals are being shattered and destroyed,
when people are showing their worst side, and do not know whether to believe in truth and right and God. It's really a wonder that I haven't dropped all my ideals, because they seem so absurd and impossible to carry out. Yet I keep them, because in spite of
everything I still believe that people are good at heart. I see the world being
turned into a wilderness; I hear the ever-approaching thunder, which will
destroy us too; I can feel the suffering of millions and yet, if I look up into
the heavens, I think it will all come right, that this cruelty will end, and
that peace and tranquility will return again." In spite of her hope and
optimism, poor Anne did not live to see her dream fulfilled. In 1944, she and
her family were found, arrested, and imprisoned in the horrific Berge-Belsen
Concentration Camp, where the Jews were exterminated and where she eventually
died. What sustained Anne Frank during her ordeal was her faith in God and in
humanity. - Living an authentically Christian life
today certainly poses a tough challenge; but of one thing we are absolutely
assured, and that is our victory through our faith in and our commitment to
Christ Jesus. In the words of the famous freedom-fighter Alexander
Solzhenitsyn, "A person without fear is no hero; the person who overcomes fear
James Valladares in "Your words, O Lord, Are Spirit, and They Are Life"

"The hypocrites are gone now. You may begin the service."
The 2000-member church was filled to overflowing capacity one Sunday morning.
The preacher was ready to start the sermon when two men, dressed in long black
coats and black hats, entered via the rear of the Church. One of the two men
walked to the middle of the Church while the other stayed at the back of the
church. They both then reached under their coats and withdrew automatic
weapons. The one in the middle announced, "Everyone willing to take a bullet
for Jesus stay in your seat!" Naturally, the pews emptied, followed by the
choir loft. The deacons ran out of the door too. After a few moments, there
were about 20 people left sitting in the church. The preacher was holding
steady in the pulpit. The men put their weapons away and said, gently to the
preacher, "All right, pastor, the hypocrites are gone now. You may begin the
service." -We should not be so anxious about when the world will end but rather
should concern ourselves with the preparation
needed for the end of our own individual life. Can we be faithful no matter
Tomi Thomas in "Spice up your homilies"

The Decay of the best is the worst
Joseph Stalin was the most ruthless dictator of the former Soviet Union. He was
the General Secretary of the Communist Party from 1922 to 1953. In 1928, he
launched a series of five-year plans for the rapid industrialization and
enforced collectivization of agriculture. As a result more than ten million
farmers were killed. He ruthlessly murdered hundreds and hundreds of the
intellectuals who opposed him. He, in fact, had murdered more men than that
manic Hitler. But the surprising thing is that Stalin as a teenager had joined
the seminary to become a priest. He was expelled from it because of his
revolutionary ideas. A noble desire went awfully wrong.  A man who desired to
save souls became a monster who ruthlessly murdered people in millions. The
decay of the best is always the worst. -In today's gospel, Jesus foretells the
utter ruin and destruction of Jerusalem. Upon the Lord's visitation, the
inhabitants of Jerusalem and the temple authorities
rejected Him, and consequently destruction visited them. Today, let us look at
the great beauty of the temple, and also consider its ruin and the cause of it.
John Rose in 'John's Sunday Homilies'

The world’s “canned laughter”
The Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) tells a parable of a theater where a variety show is proceeding.  There are musical acts, dancers, magicians, comedians, acrobats – one amazing act after another. Each act receives thunderous applause from the audience.
Suddenly the manager comes forward. Speaking calmly, not wanting to panic the patrons, he says, “Ladies and gentlemen, I regret to inform you that the theater is on fire. Please get up and move in an orderly fashion to the exits. There is plenty of time for you all to leave safely, but please do so at once.”
The audience think this is the most amusing act of the evening, and again cheer wildly, thinking the manager is a comedian! He again implores them to leave the burning building, but he is again applauded vigorously.
Even when smoke and flames appear at the back of the stage, the audience thinks it is part of the act done for special effect. The manager soon realizes he can do no more, so he runs off the stage and out of the building. The audience, meanwhile, whistles and cheers and claps in appreciation of the manager’s “performance.”
“And so,” concluded Kierkegaard, “will our age, I sometimes think, go down in fiery destruction to the applause of a crowded house of cheering spectators.”
And so it is today.  Those who attempt to warn others of the impending doom to come are laughed at as part of “the show.”  The prophet has become a comedian, like someone out of a Monty Python skit.  The cynical world laughs at the message, believing it is all a joke.
Yet the world indeed is on fire; the whole theater is destined to be turned to ash – and one day soon. Despite the witnesses God has faithfully called — including the message of His Son – the canned laughter of the world, the mindless cheering, and the idiotic applause will continue, right up to the end of the age….
As it was in the days of Noah…. until the flood came and swept them all away….

1.     Andrew Greeley: 


The question of whether Jesus actually used the apocalyptic rhetoric attributed to him in today’s gospel is still debated. Some think that he did not, that he was more concerned with God’s love for us than he was with the destruction of the temple or signs in the heaven.   

 They argue that the rhetorical style of signs and wonders in the heavens was part of the culture of the time (and not just among the Jews) and that it meant indeed the end of the old creation but the beginning of a new creation.  

However, it is not impossible to believe that Jesus used this mode of speaking to indicate that with his message of God’s love a new creation had begun.


Once upon a time a new alderman was running in a certain city. He promised that his business would not solicit clients from the ward and indeed not accept them if they came. Moreover the also promised that he would give his aldermatic salary to the neighborhood. He’d turn it over to a committee of clergy from the ward to use however they saw fit. No one believed him. Why was he running for alderman if he didn’t want the money? He replied that he was running  because he thought he’d love the job. What are you going to live off, they demanded. Off the income from my business, I don’t need any more money.  Still no one believe him.  

All politicians were interested in making money, weren’t they? Sure they were. Look at all the scandals in the papers. Nothing ever changes. Cynicism is the only way to react to someone who promises a new beginning. Well, the candidate won in a run-off, but even those who voted for him were convinced that he was a crook.   

Funny thing, though, he did give his first year’s salary to the local clergy and he didn’t do any business with firms in his ward. Even today, people still don’t believe him.


2.     Have you ever tried to make a prediction?

Here are some predictions from the past. All from people who were trusted individuals:

Thomas Watson, chairman of IBM, in 1943 said, "I think there is a world market for maybe five computers."

Popular Mechanics magazine in 1949 made this prediction: "Where a calculator on the ENIAC is equipped with 18,000 vacuum tubes and weighs 30 tons, computers in the future may have only 1,000 vacuum tubes and weigh only 1.5 tons."

There was an inventor by the name of Lee DeForest. He claimed that "While theoretically and technically television may be feasible, commercially and financially it is an impossibility."

The Decca Recording Co. made a big mistake when they made this prediction: "We don't like their sound, and guitar music is on the way out." That was their prediction in 1962 concerning a few lads from Liverpool. Their band was called the Beatles.

As the disciples walked out of the Temple in Jerusalem Jesus paused with his disciples, looked back at the Temple and predicted, "Do you see all these great buildings. Not one stone will be left on another." To the disciples this was bedrock. Nothing could bring down these walls. "Look, teacher! What massive stones! What magnificent buildings!" they said to Jesus...
The smallest stones in the structure weighed 2 to 3 tons. Many of them weighed 50 tons. The largest existing stone is 12 meters in length and 3 meters high, and it weighed hundreds of tons! The stones were so immense that neither mortar nor any other binding material was used between the stones. Their stability was attained by the great weight of the stones. The walls towered over Jerusalem, over 400 feet in one area. Inside the four walls was 45 acres of bedrock mountain shaved flat and during Jesus’ day a quarter of a million people could fit comfortably within the structure.
You can then understand the disciples surprise. As they walked down the Kidron valley and up mount olive Peter James and John wanted to hear more.
Jesus’ prediction that a structure so immense would be levelled to the ground seemed implausible. But they pressed Jesus for more information. They wanted to know when. What would be the sign that this was about to take place. In their voice was fear. Fear of the unknown. Fear that their lives were about to change forever. Jesus had not made any predictions like this one. This was different. This, they could understand.
Forty years later Jesus’ prediction came true. In 70 AD the Temple was destroyed by Rome.
But the Church of Jesus Christ – founded on the bedrock of faith – still stands.
Despite persecutions, despite divisions, despite criticism, opposition and mockery, despite all the forces the world can muster against it, the Church still stands,
It may lose direction at times; it may appear to have suffered setbacks; it may have been considered to have made grave errors of judgement – but it still stands, and still seeks to do God’s will and realize Christ’s divine manifesto.
Napoleon, writing in exile on St Helena, wrote these famous words:
“Alexander (The Great), Caesar, Charlemagne and I have founded empires.  But on what?  On force!  Jesus alone founded his empire on love; and at this hour, millions of men would die for him.  He is everywhere proclaimed, loved and adored and his sway is extended over all the earth”
The Church still stands – and it always will…as long as there are people ready to profess their faith in Jesus Christ as their Lord and Saviour.
3.     Fighting back against falling back?

 Spring forward; fall back.

 These past couple of weeks your bio-rhythms have been batty, fighting back after "falling back" or maybe even "falling flat." 

Retreating one hour in order to get back to "Standard Time" is supposed to make our mid-winter mornings less dark and dismal. Unfortunately, as anyone who lives above the 45th parallel knows, those brighter "a.m.'s" come attached to distinctly darker and longer "p.m.'s." And even that extra morning light really only lasts for a couple of weeks, at best.

It isn't easy to readjust the "circadian" rhythms of our bodies. Not even by just an hour. And if you are not afflicted with SAD, "seasonal affective disorder, where the lack of daylight hours brings on depression, lethargy, and genuine "SADness," losing the light still brings all of us physical challenges and changes.

You cannot wake up "bright-eyed and bushy-tailed" to birdsong when all the song birds have flown south and the only feathered friend you see on your morning commute is the occasional owl.

It is hard to argue with the family dog when the open door for a gloomy, rain-soaked "morning" walk is rejected with horror and he beats a fast-track back to his snuggly-ball doggy bed. 

Besides over-priced trips to sunny lands abroad and fried-sun states at home, scientists prescribe doses of specific wave lengths of light, available in special light bulbs, to help our bodies fight off the SAD-slump fall-back. More recently, nutritionists have recommended we up our intake of Omega-3 oils - those "good" fats found especially in oily fish and English walnuts. Salmon, the fish with the most unchangeable body rhythm of any scaly swimmer, is especially high in these Omega-3 fatty acids. Apparently it takes a crazy, obsessed-by-tides-and-rhythms fish to help our bodies combat the changing tides and rhythms that the turning world has unleashed upon us.

Cold, dark days make us want to hunker down and veg out. The feeling that all there is ahead of us is a cold, dark future can bring on a kind of human "root vegetable" behavior. The just finished political races bombarded us with bad news. Employment numbers are slightly improving but not encouraging. The future of the economy does not look rosy. Getting up every morning, keeping motivated, giving all we have to our family, our church, our community, is not easy under these dark conditions.

The concluding commands made to the Thessalonian community in this week's epistle text addressed the threat of "idleness" to the life of the faithful... 

 4.     Stop Speculating!

Here, in my judgment, is one of the subtlest temptations that faces any Christian in any era: If we are not careful, we can get diverted here from what Christ has called us to do in this present age. This happened in Thessalonica not twenty years after Jesus died, and Saint Paul met the issue head on. Some of the folk there got so caught up in expecting and predicting the imminent return of the Lord that they had ceased to do any work and degenerated into idle busybodies who prattled only about the future (2 Thessalonians 3:11). Paul rebuked this tendency to let an over-interest in "the last things" divert us from faithfulness to "the first things." 

There is an old story about a warrior who was struck one day by a poisonous arrow. This man happened to be a speculative sort of person, so as he lay on the ground he mused to himself: "I wonder what kind of wood this arrow is made of? What sort of birds, do you suppose, the feathers come from? I wonder what type of man shot this arrow - tall or short, dark or light." His comrades, who saw his plight, could bear it no longer, but cried out in frustration: "For God's sake, man! Stop speculating and pull out the arrow!"

Need I say more?

Gary L. Carver and Tom M. Garrison, Sermons for Sundays in Advent, Christmas, and Epiphany: Building a Victorious Life, CSS Publishing Company, Inc.

5.     Consider the Joy!

Consider the story of one young man. He was often sick as a baby. He was always small, puny some would say. As a youth he was always frail and delicate. He was not able to play sports with the other boys his age. Eventually he entered the ministry. But his health was so fragile, he was unable to serve his growing congregation.

Amazingly, he did not dwell on his troubles. In fact, his spirit soared. His only real complaint was the poor quality of the hymns of his day. He felt they did not convey hope and joy. Someone challenged him to write better ones. He did. He wrote over 600 hymns, most of them hymns of praise.

When his health collapsed completely in 1748, he left one of the most remarkable collection of hymns the world has ever known. His name was Isaac Watts. In a few weeks we will be singing one of his most famous hymns, "Joy to the World!" Isaac Watts discovered joy in his life because he knew that God would never desert him. He was able to live his life with all sorts of health problems feeling close to God and Jesus. He had joy deep in his heart. 

Timothy J. Smith
6.     When All Hope Seems Lost

Fiorello LaGuardia was mayor of New York City during the Depression, and he was quite a character. He would ride the city fire trucks, take entire orphanages to baseball games and whenever the city newspapers went on strike, he would get on the radio and read the Sunday "funnies" to the children.

At any rate, one bitter cold winter's night in 1935, Mayor LaGuardia turned up in a night court that served the poorest ward in the city, dismissed the judge for the evening and took over the bench himself. After he heard a few cases, a tattered old woman was brought before him, accused of stealing a loaf of bread.

She told LaGuardia that her daughter's husband had deserted her, her daughter was sick and her grandchildren were starving. But the shopkeeper, from whom the bread was stolen, insisted on pressing charges. "My store is in a very bad neighborhood, your honor," he said. "She's got to be punished in order to teach other people a lesson."

The mayor sighed. He turned to the old woman and said, "I've got to punish you," he said. "The law makes no exception - ten dollars or ten days in jail."

But even as he spoke, LaGuardia was reaching into his pocket and pulling out a ten dollar bill. "Here is the woman's fine," he said, "and furthermore, I'm going to fine everyone in this court room fifty cents for living in a city where a person has to steal bread so that her grandchildren can eat. Mr. Bailiff, collect the fines and give them to the defendant."

The following day, the New York Times reported that $47.50 was turned over to the bewildered old woman. It was given by the red-faced store owner, some seventy petty criminals, people with traffic violations and city policemen - and they all gave their mayor a standing ovation as they handed over their money.

That's how it will be with God's world. Just when it seems that all hope is lost, and goodness and mercy shall never win, the Great Judge will come to set things right, deciding for the hungry and the meek of the earth.

Erskine White, Together in Christ
7.     With a Good Ship

Dr. Norman Vincent Peale once told of encountering a hurricane while on a cruise in the Atlantic. After the captain managed to sail around the danger, he and Dr. Peale were visiting with one another.

The captain said he had always lived by a simple philosophy namely that if the sea is smooth, it will get rough; and if it is rough, it will get smooth. He added something worth remembering: "But with a good ship," the Captain said, "you can always ride it out."

Our ship is our faith in Christ. With a good ship, you can always ride it out. Life is unpredictable. God is with us. Not a hair on our head will perish.

King Duncan, Stay Alive All Your Life, Cited by Steve Lambert
8.     The Best Conclusion

C. S. Lewis said that when the author appears on the stage, you know the play is over. This is how he understands the doctrine of the Second Coming of our Lord. It means that he who has begun a good work will bring it to the best conclusion of which he is capable. After all, no one has ever claimed that this planet earth was intended to exist forever. In what is called by scientists "the second law of thermodynamics," it is clearly predicted that the energy supply of this planet will eventually come to an end, which means that a conclusion of life as we know it here is inevitable. The concept of the Second Coming merely affirms that such a conclusion will be purposeful. The drama of history is not going to just fizzle out or end in a whimper! It is going to come to the kind of climax that he who conceived the drama wants for it.

Gary L. Carver and Tom M. Garrision, Sermons for Sundays in Advent, Christmas, and Epiphany: Building a Victorious Life, CSS Publishing Company 

9.     Don't Panic

"Don't panic!" Those are the words I frequently say when someone has come to see me and they are in the midst of a crisis. They may have lost their job, had a marital crisis, a problem with a child, or found themselves in serious financial trouble. They are anxious. It seems like the world is caving in on them. They feel lonely and afraid. They can't see any way out of their predicament.

It has been my experience over the years as a pastor that when folks are desperate they tend to run, quit or act in haste. I am not discounting their pain or minimizing the crisis, rather I am merely helping them to see that their perceptions have exaggerated the crisis. Or, they have a distorted perception of reality.

This was the case with the disciples. They were being persecuted by an oppressive government. They were powerless and under immense pressure. All seemed dark and hopeless, so much so that they wondered if the "end" was near. They were desperate, blinded by their anxiety and totally unable to see into the future.

They are no different than us. Whenever things are happening in the world of epic proportions, like hurricanes, wars, catastrophes or plagues there are those who believe that the world is coming to an end.

Keith Wagner, Are You Having an Anxiety Attack?
10.  Tie in to the Destruction of the Temple 

In the Hobbit by JRR Tolkein, Bilbo Baggins has met Gollum for the first time. Bilbo is lost and needs to find his way out of Gollum's cave. Gollum will show him the way out if he can answer a riddle.

This thing all things devours,
Birds, beasts, trees, flowers;
Gnaws iron, bites steel;
Grinds hard stone to meal;
Slays king, ruins town,
And beats high mountain down.

Bilbo is stumped... 

Do you know the answer? Take a moment to try to figure it out before looking at the answer below.

The answer to the riddle is "time". It's so true. Time will devour all living things, as well as everything else. If you live long enough, you can see some of the effects of time. Drive through a rural area sometime and take a look at the barns, sheds and possibly even houses that are deteriorated with time. What you see there is taking place all around you. Some things perish quickly (maybe even were designed to do so). Other things, like the great Egyptian pyramids, seem to stand the test of time. But, given enough time, everything will crumble. And when Jesus returns, we'll be made aware of just how temporary the things of this life are.

"All flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of the grass. The grass withers, and its flower falls away, but the word of the LORD endure forever." (I Peter 1:24-25).

From Fr. Tony Kadavil's Collection:

Anecdote:  1:  The theater is on fire: The Danish philosopher, Søren Kierkegaard, tells the parable of a theater where a variety show is proceeding. Each act is more fantastic than the last, and each is applauded by the audience. Suddenly the manager appears on the stage, apologizing for the interruption.  He announces at the top of his voice that the theater is on fire, and begs his patrons to leave the theatre immediately, without causing a commotion. The spectators think that it is the most amusing turn of the evening, and cheer thunderously. The manager again feverishly implores them to leave the burning building, and he is again applauded vigorously. At last he can do no more. The fire races through the whole building engulfing the fun-loving audience with it. "And so," concludes Kierkegaard, "will our age, I sometimes think, go down in fiery destruction to the applause of a crowded house of cheering spectators" (Resource, July/August). Today’s readings warn us about a similar fate if we are not well prepared when the “Day of the Lord” dawns quite unexpectedly, marking the end of the world. 

  2: Be patient and be faithful waiting for Christ’s Second Coming. Remember Albert Einstein’s words after the Second World War: “As a lover of freedom, when the revolution came in Germany, I looked to the universities to defend it, knowing that they had always boasted of their devotion to the cause of truth; but no, the universities were immediately silenced. Then I looked to the great editors of the newspapers, whose flaming editorials in days gone by had proclaimed their love of freedom; but they, like the universities were silenced in a few short weeks. Only the Church stood squarely across the path of Hitler’s campaign for suppressing truth. I never had any special interest in the Church before, but now I feel a great affection and admiration for it, because the Church alone has had the courage to stand for intellectual truth, and moral freedom. I am forced to confess that what I once despised, now I praise unreservedly.” The Church had the moral courage to resist a dictator, and it saved the lives of so many Jews because it believed in the assurance given by Jesus in today’s Gospel.

3: Beware of false messiahs: In 1978, the whole world was shocked and dismayed by reports from Jonestown, Guyana where the Rev. Jim Jones had led hundreds of people into one of history’s darkest mass-suicides and mass-murders. These were not ignorant, primitive savages in a far-off land. They were American citizens who had fallen under the leadership of a madman. We don’t see many signs nowadays of the Moonies. Their founder Rev. Moon and his Unification Church have faded into the background. At one time he boasted considerable political support. He invested heavily in the elections of Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan. Rev. Moon built an empire by putting young people out on the streets selling flowers. Moon preached that a new messiah was soon to come. He claimed that new messiah was a man born in Korea in the 20th century. False messiahs are forever with us. We need not even deal with such self-deluded creatures as mass-murderer Charles Manson who gathered a group of seemingly intelligent young adults as his followers. Manson once said, “My philosophy is: ‘Don’t think.’” That is the philosophy subtly expressed by all false messiahs. Don’t think. Reason is the enemy of all fanatics. But false messiahs do come along every once in a while. That is why Jesus warns his followers about false messiahs in today’s Gospel.